Getting Offenders to Admit They Are Wrong

Variant 2

Лексические упражнения

Задание 1. Заполните таблицу. Переведите все слова на русский язык.

Word Family: Сrime

Crime Person Verb

Задание 2. Напишите, о каком преступлении идет речь. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. It was a perfect copy. It was so good, in fact, that it could be even fool an expert.

2. The bank believed her to be trustworthy. They had no reason to suspect that she had transferred thousands of pounds to false accounts.

3. If you want to see your child again, put $50 000in an old suitcase and wait for further instructions.

4. George gave the man 50 pounds in return for a small packet of heroin.

5. It was a beautiful day. The sun was shining and people were sitting outside the café enjoying the sunshine. Then the bomb went off.

6. “If only I hadn’t brought these watches through customs,” she thought as she sat crying in the police station.

Задание 3. Составьте фразы, противоположные по значению фразам из колонки А. Используйте слова, данные ниже. Переведите все фразы на русский язык.

to permit alien to cancel to relax to decrease / reduce

A 1. To enhance border controls 2. To deny entry 3. A citizen of 4. To issue a visa 5. To increase police co-operation B

Задание 4. Дополните текст предлогами (in, to, on, with, as, for, of). Переведите текст на русский язык.

The six men digging the road _____ London yesterday were like any labourers doing a hard day’s work – except _____ one thing. These were the first UK criminals to wear the “vests _____ shame”. These bright orange vests, _____ the words “community payback” _____ the back tell the public that offenders who are cleaning graffiti or digging the road are doing it _____ a punishment. Community payback work, or “restorative justice” is an alternative punishment _____ prison. The idea is that offenders restore or give something back _____the community. It is also a way to avoid increasing the population _____ the already overcrowded prisons. There is already some evidence that offenders who complete a community service punishment are less likely to re-offend than those who go _____ prison.

Задание 5. Выпишите из текста № 1 и переведите по два предложения на каждый из следующих видов придаточных: дополнительные, определительные.

Подчеркните придаточные предложения, укажите их вид.

Text № 1

Getting Offenders to Admit They Are Wrong

Over the past 5 years, government reforms have improved the legal system of the United Kingdom. Restorative justice is an official initiative, which has been supported and encouraged to reduce crime and benefit victims.

The recently formed Youth Justice Board aims to promote the prevention of offences by children and young people. The board has called upon youth courts to reduce the number of short custodial sentences and, conscious of the need for an alternative to imprisonment for young offenders, a conference was convened on the topic.

Lord Chief justice Woolf, the main speaker, indicated that there is an alternative to imprisonment for young people. It is the process of restorative justice, which involves the victims of crime, the community, which may be affected, and offenders.

He pointed out frustration experienced sometimes by victims. They often believe that the effect of criminal behavior on them personally has not been taken into account.

Lord Wolf observed, “We have to find ways of breaking the vicious cycle of repetition of offending, punishment, release, reoffending and punishment again. Restorative justice cannot be the sole answer to this problem but can assist”.

With restorative justice an offender is encouraged to acknowledge the wrong which those who suffer from his or her criminal behavior have endured. A victim, ideally, is involved in the process but always voluntarily. Above all, the offender is encouraged to realize that someone, a real person, has been affected by the crime.

Restorative justice conference is a way of attempting to achieve this end. It includes where possible the families of both victim and offender to deal with the aftermath of the offence. Ideally, an offender is given an opportunity to become a member of law-abiding society and repay a moral debt to victims. Offenders can find it demanding when meeting face to face with their victims.

Задание 6. Переведите текст № 1 на русский язык.

Грамматические упражнения

Задание 7. Поставьте глаголы в Past Simple или Past Continuous.

1. Where / you go / when / see stolen car?

2. The thief / enter hotel room / steal passport / while / I / have bath.

3. What / children do / when / you / see them in the square?

4. She / pay for a drink / when / thief steal car keys / from her bag.

Задание 8. Дополните предложения, используя Conditional 1. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

pay a fine lose your licence (permanently / temporarily) go to prison take a driving test wear seatbelts

1. If you want to drive, you … .

2. All your passengers … .

3. If you cause an accident by dangerous driving, you … .

Задание 9. Выпишите из текста № 1 и переведите пять предложений, сказуемые которых употреблены в страдательном залоге. Подчеркните сказуемые.